Problem Solving Strategies
Act it Out Strategy: The act-it-out strategy involves having problem solvers either role play or physically manipulates objects, such as paper squares.
Draw a picture or Diagram: Problem solvers use the draw-a-diagram strategy when they need to create a simple picture or diagram to help them visualize a problem.
Make a list, table, or chart: The strategy of making a list, table, or chart is often used when the information in a problem needs to be organized. Such organization help problem solvers keep track of or spot missing data. Students can also discover relationships and patterns among the data.
Guess and Check: The guess-and-check strategy is used when problem solvers need to make a reasonable guess about a solution. After a guess has been made, it is checked and, if necessary,
Find a Pattern: The find-a-pattern strategy is helpful when problem solvers have to analyze a numerical, visual, or behavioral pattern in data and then make a prediction or generalization based on that analysis.
Work Backwards: The work backwards strategy involves starting with the end result or data given at the end of a problem and making a series of inverse computations to find the missing information.
Logical Reasoning: The logical reasoning strategy involves the use of conditional clues to help problem solvers arrive at a solution. Clues can be stated directly or implied.
Write an Equation: Problem solvers use the write-an-equation strategy when they need to write a mathematical sentence to model information in a problem.
Choose the Correct Operation: The choose-the-correct operation strategy involves having problem solvers decide which mathematical operation is needed to solve a problem. Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division can be used.
Solve a Simpler Problem: The solve-a-simpler-problem strategy is used when a problem is too complex for problem solvers to solve in one step.